This is clearly not adequate for SU 2017, which requires OpenGL 3.0. You will have to investigate whether it is possible to install OpenGL 3.0 drivers in Wine, there is nothing SU can do about this shortcoming (for what it’s worth, I also can’t run SU 2017 using the Parallels VM on my Mac because it only supports OpenGL 2.1).
There are two questions you will need to answer: does this version of mesa support OpenGL 3.0, and does Wine use the linux-installed mesa library or something of its own? These are both questions for Linux experts.
Edit: a bit of further research shows that OpenGL support must be compiled into Wine when you build it. So, there is some more work required than just updating your Linux system’s drivers.