Trimble Connect has been available since version 2015 or 2106, I believe. It manages reference files in the cloud on a project basis.
Referenced objects are ‘locked and greyed out’ in Outliner, Updating and alignment belongs to the ‘Collaboration Panel’ of the Trimble Connect Extension.
There are some quirks, I would like to manage the visibility in outliner as well, now it is controlled with an added Tag per Reference (the ‘nested Tags’ come along, too)
While the project is hosted ‘in the cloud’ you can set up the project folder structure on your local machine too and sync overnight with Trimble Connect Sync.